Forklifts are regularly used for transporting and loading products, but it’s not as simple as that. The numerous forklift mast types used by businesses offer various attributes. That’s why, if you’re in charge of overseeing operations, you must be familiar with these different mast types and what they offer.
Simplex Mast (V Mast)
Also known as a “single-stage” mast, a simplex is known for its limited lifting height and lack of free lifting capabilities. It’s typically used for outdoor projects or lifting objects onto a truck. A simplex optimizes its stationary outer rail, as well as its sliding inner rail, to carry loads. (Limited free lift 4-6”)
Duplex Mast (Full Free Lift, FFL, Hi-Lo, FV Mast)
Also known as a “two-stage” mast, a duplex does come with the free lift capabilities that a simplex mast lacks. The visibility provided by a duplex is one of the biggest reasons it is so widely used, particularly in trailers. This mast type is also great for cross-docking, stacking, and double-stacking products. (Free lift 50-60” – lift height about 144”)
Triplex Mast (Triple, TSU, FSV Mast)
Also known as a “three-stage” mast, a triplex is optimized for loading and unloading products at higher elevations than the previous two-mast types. Triplex masts are also known for their ability to extend things forward, which is why they are frequently used with reach trucks. Because of these attributes, triplex masts are regarded as the most versatile forklift mast types. (Free lift 50-60” – high stack heights 190”)
Quad Mast (QFV Mast)
Also known as a “four-stage” mast, quads are known for the height at which they can carry products. The problem with quads is that, the higher you need to raise it, the lower the maximum carrying capacity becomes. These are best for warehouse environments that require products to be placed somewhere very high. (Free lift 50-60” – high stack heights 276”)
Mast Safety: What do you really need to know?
- Never reach into/through mast
- Never stand under forks/load
- Never allow others under forks
If you and your crew feel like you’ve officially learned all there is to know about forklifts, it may be time to move onto aerial lifts. Luckily, we provide Genie manlift (MEWP) training kits, so your employees can become masters of warehouse equipment. If you and your team know how to properly use warehouse equipment, you can efficiently oversee operations in the warehouse to ensure they reach their fullest potential.